Jun 8, 2009
Jun 8, 2009
So what’s all the celebrating about? Well, as the First Nations peoples knew, this incredible fruit has a lot to offer. They enjoyed both fresh and dried berries and also used them medicinally, to treat coughs and as a relaxant during childbirth. Sometimes they even crushed them to create a dye. Blueberries helped see native and settler alike through tough winters. In 1615, Samuel de Champlain sampled a Native American pudding of blueberries, cornmeal and honey called sautauthig, and during the American Civil War, Yankee troops were supplied with canned wild blueberries.
Not all blueberries are created equal. The wild version is smaller, sweeter and more flavourful than its cultivated cousin, and also has almost twice as much antioxidant capacity—the ability to protect cells from damage. And with every study, there’s more good news. Early evidence suggests blueberries are a powerful anti-inflammatory, and beneficial for heart, brain and urinary tract health.
For many East Coast families, managing and harvesting wild blueberry patches has been a treasured—albeit back-breaking—way of life for generations. Today, only the east coasts of Canada and the U.S. have the perfect terrain and climate to produce them; these regions process and export millions of pounds worldwide. Jennie Dobbs, owner of Morris East restaurant in Halifax, has an intimate connection to wild blues. Her partner’s family runs a third-generation patch in Colchester County, and this summer, her restaurant will be serving wild low-bush blueberries from the farm during the height of the season.
"Low-bush berries have the greatest flavour, and picking them at the juiciest moment is critical for taking customers back to days spent at U-picks," says Jennie. "Nova Scotians grow up picking berries, so they know the flavour of truly ripe ones—a taste unparalleled by the ones sold in most grocery stores."
Although fresh wild blues are only available for a precious few weeks in late summer, frozen and dried are available all year. Now, that’s something we can all celebrate!
Keeping a bag or tub of these versatile little berries in your freezer at all times will mean you’ll never be at a loss for ideas, inspiration or a nutritious snack.
• For an elegant side dish, whip up a quick compote of wild blueberries, maple syrup and port to serve with pork, duck or game meats. To make a beautifully simple dessert, simmer blueberries with maple syrup or honey, then drizzle the warm mixture over the best-quality vanilla ice cream you can find. Behind the bar, dazzle guests with a frozen blueberry daiquiri.
• Blueberries are the star of any brunch, from a blueberry yogurt smoothie to fresh muffins served piping hot from the oven to an easy homemade preserve. For an everyday healthy treat, toss a handful into your morning oatmeal or cereal.
• Wild blueberries are the natural choice for baking. Their skin is thicker than that of their cultivated counterpart, so they hold their shape in quick breads or cakes and won’t turn the batter blue. Added bonus: more skin equals more good-for-you fibre!
Did you know?
During blueberry season, bears will eat nothing but. Biologists have tracked bears that have trekked more than 20 km a day on an empty stomach to sniff out a berry patch.