Geometric and angular shapes and simple lines define art deco, a style that emerged in Europe in the early 1900s. Glossy lacquer finishes, metallics and animal prints inspired by exotic travel reigned in the heyday of this movement. Art deco and art nouveau are not the same movement, though sometimes they are erroneously used interchangeably. In short, art nouveau came first, and inspired art deco.
Art nouveau, although often confused with art deco, is the older of the two styles and also emerged in Europe. It’s called “nouveau” because it supposedly drew on only “new” influences (curvy lines, an emphasis on height, stylized flowers and botanical motifs) instead of reviving any notable past design style. The famous Scottish architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh is one of the best known representatives of art nouveau.
There is Baroque, note the capital B, an easily recognizable style from the 17th and 18th centuries featuring highly detailed carved woods, rich colours including an abundance of gold and jewel tones, and oversized furniture among other theatrical Versailles-worthy elements. And there is also baroque, a design descriptor that encompasses the gist of the above: maximalist style, ornate and intricately luxe patterns.